Thursday, August 03, 2023

Dynamically Registering Service Classes in Laravel 10


In the process of migrating a proprietary PHP application to the Laravel 10 framework, I faced an interesting challenge. The application I was working on had 44 service classes. In Laravel, service classes are typically registered manually in the AppServiceProvider.php file. However, the thought of manually registering all these services seemed daunting and inefficient. Plus, it would be a hassle to update the AppServiceProvider.php every time a service is added, renamed, or removed. Therefore, I decided to find a way to register these service classes dynamically. This post outlines the solution I came up with.

Problem Statement

When migrating a large PHP application into Laravel, manually registering a large number of service classes is not only tedious but also prone to errors. Moreover, it's not scalable: every time we add, rename, or remove a service, we need to manually update the AppServiceProvider.php file. We need a solution that allows us to dynamically register all service classes in the application and automatically adjust when changes are made.


The solution I came up with involves using Laravel's File::allFiles() method to get all PHP files in the service classes directory and then dynamically register these classes in the AppServiceProvider.php file. The service classes are registered using Laravel's service container, which allows Laravel to automatically resolve these classes when they're needed in other parts of the application.

Here is a code snippet used to find all the classes in any package. I happen to have it in a class called ClassUtil:

 * This method is used to recursively retrieve all the classes within a package that have been configured in the Composer autoloader.
 * @param string $package The package name
 * @return string[] The classes
public function getPackageClasses(string $package): array
    /* Get all PHP files in the package directory */
    try {
        $basePath = base_path($package);
        $files = File::allFiles($basePath);
    } catch (Exception) {
        /* Catches the case where the default Laravel "App" package resides in the "app" folder and the server is case-sensitive. */
        $basePath = base_path(lcfirst($package));
        $files = File::allFiles($basePath);

    $rootPath = str_replace(str_replace('/', DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR, $package), '', $basePath);

    $classes = [];
    foreach ($files as $file) {
        /* Convert the file path to a namespaced class name */
        $class = str_replace(
            ['/', '.php'],
            ['\\', ''],
            Str::after($file->getRealPath(), $rootPath)

        /* Check if the class exists and is not abstract */
        if (class_exists($class) && !(new ReflectionClass($class))->isAbstract()) {
            $classes[] = $class;

    return $classes;

And this is how I use it in AppServiceProvider.php:

 * Register any application services.
 * @return void
public function register(): void
    foreach ((new ClassUtil())->getPackageClasses('App/Services') as $class) {
        $this->app->singleton($class, function () use ($class) {
            return new $class();


This technique has several benefits:

  • Simplicity: It saves us the trouble of manually registering each service class.
  • Scalability: It allows us to easily add, rename, or remove services without having to manually update the AppServiceProvider.php file.
  • Flexibility: It provides a flexible way of managing service classes, especially in large applications.


Dynamically registering service classes in Laravel is a handy trick that can save you a lot of time and effort, especially when dealing with large applications. I hope this post helps you in your Laravel development journey. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them below!

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